Student group: Olympic

Student group for Site 2:  Olympic

Course title:
VERTICAL CITIES: HONG KONG’S MASS-TRANSIT HYPER-CENTERS, AND MEGA-BLOCK STRUCTURES

MUD programme Fall 2015 –
ARCH6101 Urban Design Studio 1 Course
Coordinator: Sylvie Nguyen

Course Instructors:
Sylvie Nguyen (snguyen@hku.Hk) , Laurence Liauw (Laurence_liauw@yahoo.com), and Paul Chu (Paulchs@yahoo.Com)

Course description:
Hong Kong’s vertical culture of congestion is analogous to Manhattan if not more hyper-intensive. Hong Kong’s contrasted topographic geography, strict regulations on developable land and history of British colonial land reclamation expansion has resulted in the densest and most recognizable skyscraper skyline waterfronts in the world.

As an urban city, increasingly shaped by rail mass-transit, Hong Kong’s transit-oriented development (TOD) was studied as an exceptional model for multi-infrastructural urbanism, as a city with many grounds interfacing with mass-transit hyper-centers and high-rises atop mega-block structures. TOD is a development approach whereby transit station and the surrounding catchment area including mixed-use commercial properties, is operationally and spatially integrated as a means to promote ridership within walkable communities.

The studio examined Hong Kong’s unique vertical and horizontal urban densities through 3 scales: city scale, neighborhood scale and human scale. The following studio topics was discussed in class:

1. Transit-oriented development (TOD)
2. Rail + Property  development model (R+P Model)
3. Various TOD themes: shopping mall, new town, regeneration, campus, theme park.

Student group: Hung Hom

Student group for Site 1:  Hung Hom

Course title:
VERTICAL CITIES: HONG KONG’S MASS-TRANSIT HYPER-CENTERS, AND MEGA-BLOCK STRUCTURES

MUD programme Fall 2015 –
ARCH6101 Urban Design Studio 1 Course
Coordinator: Sylvie Nguyen

Course Instructors:
Sylvie Nguyen (snguyen@hku.Hk) , Laurence Liauw (Laurence_liauw@yahoo.com), and Paul Chu (Paulchs@yahoo.Com)

Course description:
Hong Kong’s vertical culture of congestion is analogous to Manhattan if not more hyper-intensive. Hong Kong’s contrasted topographic geography, strict regulations on developable land and history of British colonial land reclamation expansion has resulted in the densest and most recognizable skyscraper skyline waterfronts in the world.

As an urban city, increasingly shaped by rail mass-transit, Hong Kong’s transit-oriented development (TOD) was studied as an exceptional model for multi-infrastructural urbanism, as a city with many grounds interfacing with mass-transit hyper-centers and high-rises atop mega-block structures. TOD is a development approach whereby transit station and the surrounding catchment area including mixed-use commercial properties, is operationally and spatially integrated as a means to promote ridership within walkable communities.

The studio examined Hong Kong’s unique vertical and horizontal urban densities through 3 scales: city scale, neighborhood scale and human scale. The following studio topics was discussed in class:

1. Transit-oriented development (TOD)
2. Rail + Property  development model (R+P Model)
3. Various TOD themes: shopping mall, new town, regeneration, campus, theme park.

Deconstructing Hong Kong’s Mtr Rail & Property Model

Project Title:
DECONSTRUCTING HONG KONG’S MTR RAIL & PROPERTY MODEL
Student Joint Studio / Workshop Proposal

Principal Investigator: Sylvie Nguyen

From an urbanistic perspective, Hong Kong’s high density Transit-Oriented Development  (TOD) environment serves as a laboratory for urbanism.  Learning from MTR’s Rail and Property Model, we propose to de-construct MTR’s TOD model through a series of joint studios or workshops.  Multi-disciplinary approaches ranging from architecture to landscape and urban design are envisioned to study the models from different scales and perspectives, to essentially challenge the model within the built environment.  The studio design-based research output could culminate into new strategic propositions for TOD in high density cities, with possibilities of formulating new TOD models to be exported and tested in high density developing countries such as Bangkok or Mumbai.

Hong Kong’s MTR development is a “Rail & Property” design model whereby MTR property owned real estate development is planned in relationship to a 500 meter catchment area to the main station, as a TOD zone.  MTR’s rail-oriented community devices a number of urban design principles for a more walkable lifestyle.  This includes people and vehicular segregation to promote a safe and healthy living environment.

The R & P model is characterized by different programatic breakdowns based on market projections in real estate targets and demands.  HK’s TOD property development models vary between urban regions between Hong Kong islands, Kowloon and the new territories.

For Example, Taikoo Shing is one of the first major privately built residential real estate developed and operated by Swire Properties, a Hong Kong and mainland China based real estate development company. This huge new town development is centred on a large shopping mall complex only accessible to MTR by pedestrian subways. It is characterized by MTR’s Rail & Property Development’s large scale residential typologies, with 16% of the total development land allocated to commercial and mixed use, Taikoo Shing is a self sufficient neighborhood, dependent on rail transit.