Valhalla

This studio enables students to apply and integrate the skills and knowledge learnt in the courses to case studies and projects in analyzing urban issues. Further spatial analysis and planning skills will be developed in the studio, which will include emphasis on project planning, impact assessment, financing, and community engagement.

Valhalla_full

The Sail

This studio enables students to apply and integrate the skills and knowledge learnt in the courses to case studies and projects in analyzing urban issues. Further spatial analysis and planning skills will be developed in the studio, which will include emphasis on project planning, impact assessment, financing, and community engagement.

The Sail_full

Odyssey

This studio enables students to apply and integrate the skills and knowledge learnt in the courses to case studies and projects in analyzing urban issues. Further spatial analysis and planning skills will be developed in the studio, which will include emphasis on project planning, impact assessment, financing, and community engagement.

Odyssey_full

Brownfield Redevelopment and Land Use Transformation in Metro Rail Corridor: A Hong Kong Study

Principal Investigator: Bo-sin TANG
Funding body: GRF

Abstract

Transit-oriented development (TOD) is widely regarded as a desirable urban form in reducing urban sprawl, alleviating auto-dependency and achieving sustainable growth of modern cities. Policy leaders and urban planners are often keen to invest in metro railway systems with a view to promoting compact development, enhancing low carbon travel and achieving smart urban growth. However, past research has suggested that such investment does not necessarily bring forward the intended urban outcomes. This research aims at providing an in-depth and rigorous evaluation of the impacts of Hong Kong’s metro system on land development within its urban rail corridors.

Objectives

  1. To assemble a historical database of socio-economic profile, land development characteristics, land use planning policies and development regulations pertinent to the metro rail catchment areas;
  2. To distinguish the typology of metro station catchment areas;
  3. To evaluate the external impacts of the metro stations and planning regulations on brownfield redevelopment and land use changes within rail corridor;
  4. To identify the relationship between rail transit and urban spatial changes, and provide appropriate policy recommendations.

 

Restructuring of Industrial Space in Hong Kong: Government Strategy and Market Responses

Title of project: Restructuring of Industrial Space in Hong Kong: Government Strategy and Market Responses

Project team: Prof. Bo-sin Tang (PI), Dr. Winky Ho (Research Associate)

Project funder: Research Grants Council, Hong Kong SAR Government

Abstract

This study explores the relationship between land-use planning regulation, changing use of industrial space and market adjustment in a compact city of Hong Kong under deindustrialization over the past three decades. Planning regulation defines and attenuates the rights of property owners in the use of industrial premises. Property users need to secure additional rights, through planning applications, from the regulatory authority before converting the premises for higher-value nonindustrial uses. This study reveals that, under a flexible planning regulatory regime of facilitating incremental land-use conversion by the users in industrial property, the development market actually produced more rather than less industrial accommodation. The study concludes that the industrial sector in Hong Kong was extremely proactive in converting industrial premises into non-industrial and higher-value business uses. Planning policy tended to facilitate and support such market initiatives, but such a liberal planning policy that permits land-use changes of industrial premises has led to peculiar market adjustments in both industrial and office development sectors. Finally, incremental land-use changes instigated by market forces and supported by flexible planning regulatory mechanism appear to be far more effective than a blanket rezoning policy in transforming industrial space into other uses.

Outcomes and outputs:

  •  2 journal papers.
  • 1 journal paper received 2015 Commendation Award of the Royal Town Planning Institute Academic Award for Research Excellence.

 

Outputs already published or publicly disseminated:

Tang, B.S. and Ho, W.K.O. (2015). Land-use planning and market adjustment under de-industrialization: restructuring of industrial space in Hong Kong. Land Use Policy. 43 (Feb), 28-36.

Tang, B.S. and Ho, W.K.O. (2014). Cross-sectoral influence, planning policy and industrial property market in a high-density city: a Hong Kong study 1978-2012. Environment and Planning A. 46 (12), 2915-2931.

Land Supply and Land-use Planning of Public Open Space in Hong Kong

Title of project: Land Supply and Land-use Planning of Public Open Space in Hong Kong

 Project team: Prof. Bo-sin Tang (PI); Dr. Darren Cheung (PhD graduate)

 Project funder: Research Grants Council, Hong Kong SAR Government

 Abstract

This study examines the role and rationale of urban planning in the supply and distribution of open space in Hong Kong. Quantitative analyses of 1,177 “Open Space” zones in the statutory town plans have identified three clusters of open space around high-rise residential, low-density housing and mixed commercial-business areas, respectively. Huge inconsistency exists in the planning and implementation of open space projects. Evaluation of 1,737 public pleasure grounds and recreation facilities reveals that less than half of them were actually zoned as “Open Space” on statutory town plans. Through a historical review of urban development of this city, the study elucidates how open space planning has been influenced by factors related to colonial politics, racial harmony, public hygiene and democratization. Recreation has not been the sole purpose of the authority in providing public open space. The recent trend of expanding new open space network in strategic waterfront locations and near commercial zones, for place marketing and urban competitiveness, may aggravate the disproportionate distribution of open space, encourage its commodification and deprive the right of access to the underprivileged community.

Outcomes and outputs

  • 1 PhD trained.
  • 2 invited public speeches.
  • 5 journal papers.

 

Outputs already published or publicly disseminated:

Tang, B.S. (2016). Soul of the city: open space and public interest. Professional Seminar on Future Public Open Space in Hong Kong: Planning, Design and Management. CUSUP/HKU and Planning Department of the HKSAR Government, City Gallery, Central, Hong Kong, 30 January 2016.

Cheung, D.M.W. and Tang, B.S. (2015).  Recreation space and urban land reserve? Land use zoning pattern and transformation of open space in Hong Kong. ASCE Journal of Urban Planning and Development. (Accepted for publication)

Tang, B.S. (2014). Private city and open space. The Second Hong Kong Public Space Symposium – Housing Our Public Space. Hong Kong Public Space Initiative, The City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 28 June 2014.

Cheung, D.M.W. and Tang, B.S. (2015). Social order, leisure, or tourist attraction? The changing planning missions for waterfront space in Hong Kong. Habitat International. 47, 231-240.

Tang, B.S. and Cheung, D.M.W. (2013). From fragmented open space to networked open space. The 12th International Congress of Asian Planning Schools Association, The National Taiwan University, Taipei, 1-3 November 2013.

Cheung D.M.W. and Tang, B.S.  (2013). Space and power: land-use planning of public open space in Hong Kong. AESOP 2013 PhD Workshop, AESOP, AESOP Young Academics Network and University College Dublin, Belfast, Northern Ireland, 10-13 July 2013.

Cheung, D.M.W. (2012). From privately managed public open space to private open space: A case study of a private residential complex in Hong Kong, Pacific News, 37, 10-14.

Tang, B.S. (2011). Open space and urban development, 2011 Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Conference, AAG, Seattle, USA, 16 April 2011.

Tang, B.S. and Wong, S.W. (2008). A longitudinal study of open space zoning and development in Hong Kong. Landscape and Urban Planning. 87 (4), 258-268.