Urban Planning and Design
Research Centre: Centre of Urban Studies and Urban Planning
Active Dates: October 2014 - September 2016
Principal Investigator: Weifeng LI
Team: Jie LI, Jianzheng LIU, Wenbo GUO
Funding body: GRF-ECS
Achieving low carbon urban development in Chinese cities requires a combination of approaches. More understanding of the household demand side is necessary to make relevant policies to potentially influence the behaviours of urban energy end-users. This research aims to take a step further by seeking to understand the potential of alternative urban form and neighbourhood design in relation to energy efficiency, and to answer the question of how neighbourhood design influences a household’s direct energy consumption as well as carbon emissions, through the influence on the urban household’s lifestyle in post-industrial Chinese cities. It uses data from the disaggregated household-level survey with rich demographic and socio-economic information, collected from both Hong Kong – one of the most densely populated city, and Shenzhen – a newly emerging city. An important methodological contribution of the study to the relationship between built environment, travel behaviour and household energy consumption is to provide new insights of the interaction of residence and mobility as a lifestyle bundle, and clarify the role of urban form and neighbourhood design in influencing a household’s lifestyle choice with respect to energy consumption and carbon emission. In the research, we also propose the use of instrumental variables (IV) approach and Structural Equation Models (SEM) to account for the residential self-selection issue and the interaction of residential and travel energy consumptions.