Landscape Planning Studio: Design on the Road to Burma

Landscape Design Studio 5 (2014-15)

Related Staff : Ashley Kelly, Dorothy Tang

Large-scale regional planning and infrastructure development is often implemented with a virtual absence of people on the ground, creating conflicts in land tenure, economic livelihood, and environmental resource use and conservation. “Design on the Road to Burma” takes students’ learning to the frontier landscapes of transnational development along the Thai-Myanmar border, reinforcing the importance of fieldwork in reconciling abstract geographical data and real site conditions. Recently revived investment in the 250-square-kilometer industrial port of Dawei, Myanmar’s first Special Economic Zone (SEZ), and a 212-kilometer cross-border road link is prompting urban development and large-scale land use change within one of last intact forest corridors in the region. Students spend the first six weeks producing a collective research report that combines detailed timelines on regional development and environmental conservation with international case studies and narrates landscape processes in situ from mining extraction and afforestation to wildlife movement. During field work, students traveled overland via Bangkok into Dawei, Myanmar and presented their research to several international NGOs and local CSOs, including the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Fauna and Flora International (FFI), The Border Consortium (TBC), EcoDev, and Dawei Development Association (DDA) at their field offices and locations in Yangon. Students visited sites including the Dawei SEZ and its resettlement housing, community forest programmes and national parks, and a village planned to be displaced by a new reservoir. Proximity to Thailand and recent “opening up” of the region to transnational forces makes this both an important case study and viable site for designers to provide alternative development strategies to a complex set of actors. For the second half of the course, students develop design proposals that engage development projects, including resettlement, community forestry, corporate social responsibility programmes, ecotourism, sustainable agroindustry, and “green” capacity building programmes. This studio is supported by the Gallant Ho Experiential Learning Centre.

Enlarge Photo: Studio final review / TSANG Yik Ming Yammi
Enlarge Photo: Dawei road near Bawapin Tin Mine / Ashley Scott Kelly
Enlarge Photo: Students at the site of the SEZ's proposed reservoir, Kalonehtar village, Tanintharyi
 / Dorothy TangEnlarge Photo: Students meeting with World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Mynamar in Yangon / FEI Xiaoyan Mimi

Enlarge Photo: Tin mine extraction networks in Tanintharyi / WONG Hiu Yan Monique
Enlarge Photo: Landscape Planning Studio: Design on the Road to Burma 6