Please note that this NURSS Peer Talk Series No. 3 will be held virtually via Zoom at the normal time [3 January 2023 (Tue), 13:00 p.m.]
Link to join this Zoom Meeting: https://hku.zoom.us/j/96158688077?pwd=dlZLUWVFRkxtUDNkQVpFdUo1cXhzZz09
Meeting ID: 961 5868 8077
Please be ready 5 minutes prior to the scheduled time.
Neighborhood public places play a contextual role in promoting collective efficacy by facilitating neighborly contacts ranging from the ephemeral to the intimate. However, most existing studies relying on questionnaire surveys only capture interactions with familiar neighbors rather than the full spectrum of contact often with strangers in public spaces, making empirical tests of the mechanism difficult. Using Beijing, China, as a case study, this research contributed to this research gap with a methodology approach combining geo-coded big data and survey data. The neighborhood-level indicators of public contact potential are generated using anonymized mobile phone data over the month of June 2017, while resident’s collective efficacy and other indicators are derived from a questionnaire survey of 1,280 residents in 26 neighborhoods conducted in April—May 2017. We match these two datasets based on their geospatial references and adopt multi-level structural equation model to test the extent to which neighborhood’s public contact potential improves resident’s collective efficacy through fostering more frequent neighborly social interaction, community participation, and stronger sense of neighborhood belonging. Our research confirms the mechanism of how neighborhood public contact impacts collective efficacy and reveals the importance of community participation as a mediator. By focusing on everyday-life contact in public spaces, this research offers practical implications for planning urban public spaces toward collective efficacy in community development.
About the Speaker
Xiaomeng is a Ph.D. candidate in the School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University. She got my Bachelor’s degree in human geography. Her interests are in urban governance, urban geography, and big data analysis. She has been focusing on the social effects of public spaces, with a particular focus on neighborhood governance issues.
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CENTRE OF URBAN STUDIES AND URBAN PLANNING
THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG