Brazil is the first country in the world to promote government actions in the preservation of Modern Architecture. Since 1947, just four years after the opening of the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi at Pampulha, Oscar Niemeyer’s masterpiece in Belo Horizonte, the Brazilian Institute of National Heritage (IPHAN) initiated a series of actions to protect modern architectural heritage. However, these actions tended to center on the works of main protagonists of the Carioca School of Modern Architecture, such as Oscar Niemeyer, Renato Soeiro and Affonso Eduardo Reidy, many of them collaborators of IPHAN themselves.
Despite these pioneering actions and the fact that 58 modern buildings and sites have been listed by IPHAN, it was only in the last 20 years that we saw the beginning of wider debates over the conservation of Modern Architecture in Brazil, resulting in referential practical actions. These include the restoration and interventions carried out by the government and private initiatives, including the Walther Moreira Salles Residence, in Rio de Janeiro (1999), the Olinda Water Tower (2011), the Juscelino Kubitschek Residence in Belo Horizonte (2013), Pedregulho Housing Complex in Rio de Janeiro (2015), the headquarters of the Institute of Architects of Brazil in São Paulo (2015), the Castor Delgado Perez House in São Paulo (2016), and Castro Alves Theater in Salvador (2016). Also noteworthy are the initiatives developed in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro that began in 2015, with funds from Keeping it Modern Grant initiative, the Getty Foundation, and the national competition for the shores of Lake Paranoá, in Brasília (2018).
This talk will focus on the advances and challenges identified in the experiences of conserving modern architectural heritage in Brazil.
Nivaldo Vieira de Andrade Jr. is a Brazilian architect and urban designer. He received his PhD in Architecture and Urban Design from the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) in Salvador, Brazil. He is a Professor at the Faculty of Architecture of UFBA and has been a visiting researcher at the École d’Urbanisme de Paris in 2016-2017. He has published extensively on themes of modern and contemporary architecture, urban design, urban planning and cultural heritage in American and European countries and has been a guest lecturer at universities such as Sapienza di Roma, Napoli Federico II, Politecnico di Milano, Oporto, Coimbra, TU Wien, TU Eidhoven, PUC Chile, Central de Chile and Nacional de Colombia. He is a founding partner of A&P Architecture and Urbanism and author of published and awarded architectural designs in Brazilian sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, including Salvador de Bahia, São Luís and Goiás. He is currently the National President of the Institute of Architects of Brazil (IAB), Executive Secretary of the Pan-American Federation of Architects Associations (FPAA), and member of the Consulting Board of the Brazilian Institute of National Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN).
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