Zoom URL: https://hku.zoom.us/j/94397961041?pwd=RE5XclVhczd0dUVpck1LbVRhckFydz09
Meeting ID: 943 9796 1041
Mental stress is one of the critical precursors to many life-threatening mental and physical illnesses in modern cities. Stress Reduction Theory (SRT) proposes that natural environments help people recover from mental stress, while artificial environments trigger mental stress. Based on this theory, some studies have examined the general relationship between streetscapes and stress. As more and more people are moving to the city, the increasing density of urban environments is a common trend worldwide. High-density settings change how people interact with the urban environments. Compared to the low or moderate-density cities, high-density streetscapes are more often perceived as oppressive. Perceived oppressiveness is an emerging and popular feeling caused by the environmental stressor in high-density cities. However, it remains unclear what role perceived oppressiveness plays in the relationship between streetscapes and stress. This study aims to apply SRT to develop a hypothesized model to identify underlying pathways of this relationship.
This study conducted an online photo-based experiment with GIF images generated via 360° Google Street View. We recruited 2600 residents of Hong Kong and got valid data from 1677 participants. We used Structure Equation Modeling to examine the hypothesized model and identified three pathways by which streetscapes impact mental stress. This study can not only enrich our understanding of SRT but provide evidence to support the creation of stress relieving urban streetscapes.
Lan LUO is a PhD candidate in the Division of Landscape Architecture, the Department of Architecture and a lab manager in Virtual Reality Laboratory of Urban Environments and Human Health (UEHH) at the University of Hong Kong. Her research interest focuses on environment and human health, environmental justice, environmental safety and deviant behavior, and virtual reality technology.
Wenyan XU is a PhD candidate in the Division of Landscape Architecture, the Department of Architecture and a research assistant of the Virtual Reality Lab of Urban Environments & Human Health at the University of Hong Kong. Her research focuses on the relationship between the environment and human health.